ENABLING PV Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan has made significant investments in renewable energy, in particular for the development of hydropower. It has also resorted to its rich silicon resources to build a PV industry. The potential for building photovoltaic systems in Kyrgyzstan is also present. The sunshine in Kyrgyzstan surpasses the sunniest regions in Germany by more than 50%.
Nevertheless, the use of Kyrgyz solar energy is still in its infancy. So far, solar power has been provided in Kyrgyzstan either as initial pilot projects or as mini-off-grid installations. The reasons for this surprising gap between potential and reality are diverse and complex. First, policymakers continue to focus on generating hydropower. Secondly, although Kyrgyzstan has become a pioneer at the regional level with the introduction of the first Central Asian law to regulate the promotion of renewable energy, ambiguity in legislation and the lack of additional regulatory requirements have created obstacles for national and international plumbers and investors. Finally, thirdly, there is the fear that financial incentives that could tempt investors could significantly impact the Kyrgyz economy.
In the project funded by the Federal Foreign Office, eclareon, together with the Beuth University of Applied Sciences Berlin and the law firm Goldenstein & Partner, supported the development of photovoltaics in Kyrgyzstan. The project was carried out in partnership with Kyrgyz organizations (esp. KSTU Bishkek University). The main work results were a market study and a stakeholder workshop in Bishkek.
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